Theories of intelligence in psychology verywell mind. Psychology definition of fluidcrystallized intelligence theory. Barrons ap psychology, 5th edition long branch public schools. Intelligence ap psychology with parker at southeast polk high school studyblue flashcards. Theres sternbergs triarchic theory of intelligence that focuses on analytical, creative, and practical intelligence, but there is. Most fouryear colleges and universities in the united states grant credit, advanced placement, or both on the basis of successful ap exam scoresmore than 3,300 institutions worldwide annually receive ap scores. Introduction to psychology michigan state university. However, when compared to the iq scores of youth in their own era a half a century before the.
Conflicting attitudes or behaviors that create tension within a persons mind are referred to in terms of a. Study 51 terms ap psychology intelligence flashcards. The difference between fluid intelligence and crystallized. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts can be used to refute johns argument. Its a wellorganized book, and although it can be a little wordy at times, it. Gardners eight intelligences include abilities in linguistics, logicalmathematics, music, spatial awareness, body. S special intelligence a group of special abilitys that charles spearman saw as accompanying general intelligence g fluid intelligence. Chapter 15 ap psychology intelligence flashcards by proprofs. Myers is best known for his topselling college psychology texts, used successfully across north america in thousands of ap courses.
Crystallized intelligence definition psychology glossary. Fluid intelligence has little to do with iq or book intelligence. A widely held hypothesis is that people lose fluid intelligence as they age. One mechanism that contributes to intelligence is simply mental speed. Does b, crystallized intelligence, mean knowledge of facts and trivia. Founded in 1900, the college board was created to expand access to higher education. Other articles where fluid intelligence is discussed. Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations. Developed by raymond cattell and his student john horn in the 1970s and 1980s, the concept is used in psychology to explain intelligence. Most critics in the psychometric community agree that.
Multiple choice introduction to psychology study guide. The two worst prep books are kaplans ap psychology and reas ap psychology. Learn about the various theories of intelligence since many psychologists dont agree on a standard definition. The ap psychology 5 steps to a 5 reportedly contains all the information that you need to know to get ready for the exams. Together these elements form your crystallized intelligence. Kaplans content chapters begin on page 29 and end on page 195. He is professor of human development at cornell university. As effective as myers college texts have been for the ap. Does c, fluid intelligence, mean knowledge of facts and trivia. Myers psychology for the ap course is consistently the most popular ap psychology textbook, mainly because its one of the only books thats written specifically for the class.
Catherine walsh, director, ap psychology content development. In mi theory, g has its place primarily in numberlogic smart as an equal alongside the other seven intelligences. Higheriq individuals show faster response times in many tasks, including tasks measuring inspection time. One argument that many people have offered against tests such as the sat is that, although the creators and supports claim that the. Print myers psychology for ap vocabulary all 14 units quizlet. Fluid intelligence, measured by tests that minimize the role of cultural knowledge, reflects the degree to which the individual has developed unique qualities of thinking through incidental learning. Especially in these wild and unpredictable times, it is important to talk about the concept of fluid intelligence in relation to the ability to expand our awareness. Steven gans, md is boardcertified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at massachusetts general hospital. Introduction to psychology study guide by sarah murray is licensed under a creative commons attributionnoncommercial 4. The book begins with a diagnostic test to help you gauge how best to prepare.
Kendra cherry, ms, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Based on research showing a relation between use of incentives and student reading, he recommended providing a free pizza coupon for every ten books a student reads. Do not score fluid intelligence or references to high iq, as intelligence test scores include both crystallized and fluid intelligence. Fatigue and aging, for example, have a much greater impact on fluid intelligence than on crystallized intelligence. Thus, a child who does as well as the average 8yearold is said to have a mental age of 8. Search the worlds most comprehensive index of fulltext books. Although the sample questions were a bit on easy side, the book still provides a wealth of information to students, as well as covering some. The amount of information you obtain and the verbal skills you develop over time. Intelligence is a complex characteristic of cognition.
That is, gf is involved in working out a novel solution, but not in simply remembering a previous solution. Models of intelligence psychometric analysis of subtests positive correlation among subtests spearman g general intelligence s specific intelligence thurstone 56 tests 7 primary mental abilities verbal, spatial, etc. The books homepage helps you explore earths biggest bookstore without ever leaving the comfort of your couch. What it disputes is that g is superior to other forms of human cognition. Fluid intelligence, on the other hand, has to do with the ability to be adaptable and solve problems, even in an unfamiliar situation.
Ap psychology unit 11 vocabulary flashcards quizlet. Ib psychology hl core free practice question 507396. Intelligence and creativity introduction to psychology. Both types of ability are concerned with the ability to perceive relationships, fluidability is general to many fields, and crystallized intelligence is specific to certain fields, like school learning. Miniquiz question sometimes intelligence is determined by a. She correctly remembers many details, but she falsely remembers seeing books even. Balgobin, melissa ap psychology powerpoint presentations. In order to best simulate the ap psychology exam, the multiple choice section of the test. Which of the following is the best example of fluid intelligence. Psychology child experiment piagets theory of cognitive. Intelligence unit ap psychology flashcards quizlet. A healthy brain is critical to a persons cognitive abilities, but measuring brain health can be a complicated endeavor.
Brain metabolism predicts fluid intelligence in young. It appears that the confusion is a matter of semantics. Both books are inept and a total waste of time and money. Fluid intelligence tends to increase as we age, while crystallized intelligence tends to hold steady or even decrease. A new study reports that healthy brain metabolism corresponds with fluid. Does d, general intelligence, mean knowledge of facts and trivia. Ap exams are developed and scored by college faculty and experienced ap teachers.
Fluid intelligence, like intelligence a, depends more on heredity and crystallized ability on environment. Crystallized intelligence is still what many think of when they think of someone who is intelligent and is sometimes referred to as book smarts. Ap psychology course and exam description, effective fall 2019. The college board is a missiondriven notforprofit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity. Ap psychology intelligence essay sample new york essays. Crystallized intelligence, measured by tests that maximize the role of cultural knowledge, reflects the degree to. Fluid intelligence concerns the ability to acquire new information and skills, while crystallized intelligence deals with knowledge previously acquired. Already the bestselling ap psychology author, myers writes his first exclusive ap psych textwatch dave g. Gf is often contrasted with general crystallized intelligence gc. General fluid intelligence gf refers to the ability to solve new problems, particularly when mentally effortful reasoning processes are required such as inference, induction, abstraction, or synthesis.
Relevant to educational psychology is the idea that these two types of intelligence have different patterns of change as people get older. Fluid intelligence is the ability to solve novel reasoning problems and is correlated with a number of important skills such as comprehension, problem solving, and learning. For example, if i asked you to come up with as many different possible uses for a tire, you would have to use very abstract reasoning think about what a tire is, the different types, the sizes, etc. Among his major contributions to psychology are the triarchic theory of intelligence, several influential theories related to creativity, wisdom, thinking styles, love and hate, and is the author of over 1500 articles, book chapters, and books. She correctly remembers many details, but she falsely remembers seeing books even though there were no books in the office. This phenomena is caused by comparing the iq tests of elderly people with todays young people. No, it involves thinking and problemsolving skills. Many theories have been developed to explain what intelligence is and how it works. According to the theory published in 1963 by the psychologist raymond cattell, general intelligence g is subdivided into fluid intelligence g f and crystallized intelligence g c.
Fluid copes with new problems and situations where as crystallised intelligence is used. The book begins with a study the history of intelligence testing and includes sections on how modern intelligence tests work, why studying intelligence is important, the. Ap psychology intelligence there are also the theories of multiple intelligences, which include gardners eight intelligences and sternbergs three intelligences. Fluid intelligence is the general ability to think abstractly, reason, identify patterns, solve problems, and discern relationships.1301 896 1166 635 99 434 808 456 1285 456 575 573 1145 1223 813 1010 1479 1508 367 653 106 603 1442 1194 418 708 371 68 298 159 1109 1096 1162 15 444 967 1259 795 237 776 767 531 329 380 448