The superiority theory is the theory that the humor we find. By victor raskin and salvatore attardo in the article script theory revisited. Philosophies of humor date back at least to antiquity, but linguistic study of humor has developed only. Computational humor with ontological semantics christian f. The theory claims that humor depends upon a sense of violation of a moral principle that, at the same time, is regarded as benign, nonthreatening, and consequently acceptable. A fustral i ni eo l acad m c c, a lia linguistic features. For example, one could violate the maxim of quantity attardo, 1993, p.
Pdf humor is some linguistic perspectives researchgate. Linguistic theories of humor humor research hr book 1 and millions of other books are available for amazon kindle. Linguistic theories of humor find, read and cite all the research you need. Humor is a wellstudied area psychology linguistics literary. Victor raskinmahadev apte, moutonde gruyter, be rlinn. Raskins monograph begins with introductory parts concerning the essence of humour, components of the socalled humour act, basic concepts and terms used in humour research, the kinds of laughter and problems of categorizing humour itself and humour theories, etc. There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions. Attardo and raskin have done a lot of work on semantic aspects of verbal humour.
The book includes a number of case studies, among them oscar wildes lord. Humor in american sign language swarthmore college. Buy linguistic theories of humor humor research hr by attardo, salvatore isbn. So this english professor comes into class and starts talking about the textual organization o. Pdf humor is something that invites laugh and it has become the heart of research in. Much of the groundwork for contemporary linguistic theories of humour was laid by.
Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. A social history explores the concept of humor in history and modern society in the united states and internationally. Various theories of the prosody of humor predicted that speakers would mark humor with high pitch and volume, extensive pauses. Pdf is not rendering correctly, you can download the pdf file here. There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what.
Prices in represent the retail prices valid in germany unless otherwise indicated. Prior theories of humor have been unable to establish clear criteria for what is or can be funny. The routledge handbook of language and humor routledge handbooks in linguistics kindle edition by salvatore attardo. An extension to the semantic script theory of humor. The current prevailing linguistic view of humor is a model known as the general theory of verbal humor gtvh. Loukia katopodi marked it as toread aug 04, see the talk page for details. It is argued that a theory encompassing both competence and performance is necessary for the study of humor. They propose the theory that humor evolved because it strengthens the ability of the brain to find mistakes in active belief structures, that is, to detect mistaken reasoning.
He studied at purdue university under victor raskin and extended raskins scriptbased semantic theory of humor. Humour and linguistic theories is a conditional name for the theories i aim to introduce here. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books youve read. The perception and resolution of an apparent incongruity is what results in humor. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the routledge handbook of language and humor routledge handbooks in linguistics. Linguistic theories of humor are introduced by raskin 1985 where verbal humor in punch line jokes is investigated. Recently, the research on humor markers has been broadened to multimodality and particularly prosody. Pdf linguistic theories of humor wladyslaw chlopicki. The aim of the handbook is to overview major theories and concepts. Raskin 1985 and the general theory of verbal humor gtvh.
The routledge handbook of language and humor routledge. Later that year he received a phd in english from purdue university, with a specialization in linguistics and a dissertation on the linguistics of humor, which was published in 1994 as his first book, linguistic theories of humor. See above, it is the first theory to identify its approach as exclusively linguistic. Chapter four deals with the textlinguistic and semiotic.
Theories of humor wikipedia the fundamental source of comic is the presence of inflexibility and rigidness in life. Linguistic humor research initially focused on puns, which are obviously a linguistic problem. It is predicated on the fact that there are humorous mechanisms in long texts that have no counterpart in jokes. Humor is, for example, steeped in and shaped by culture. Cultural conceptualisations in humorous discourse in. This article discusses the basic theories of humor and the application of some linguistic. After a brief introduction to a dominant class of linguistic theories of humor, it focuses on the ontological semantic theory of humor, where the relationship is made obvious and reaches the. Although the ssth and gtvh are linguistic and not cognitive theories, they still utilize the concept of incongruity just as the original cognitive theories of humor do. Elements of context are in play as reception factors prior to the encounter with comedic information. In the renaissance epoch, laughter became an expression of the new, free, critical. Pdf on jan 1, 1998, helga kotthoff and others published salvatore attardo 1994. L inguistic t heories of h umor, humor research 1, editors. Attardo 1993 notes that all of grices maxims, and even more than one maxim at a time, can be violated to lead to a joke. Contemporary linguistic theories of humour folklore.
This works scope encompasses the humor of children, adults, and even nonhuman primates throughout the ages, from crude jokes and simple slapstick to sophisticated word play and ironic parody and satire. As much as humour has become a widely explored topic, it seems that the cultural dimensions of it have not yet received enough attention. And inventiveness is as attractive behavioral characteristics for the transfer of. There are many proposals for humor theories, and it may be difficult for a.
Linguistic theories of humor, journal of pragmatics 10. Theory of verbal humor gtvh by attardo and raskin 1991 and. Triezenberg2 georgia southern university1 department of writing and linguistics. The corpus of the study, which was selected using a theoretical framework offered by attardo linguistic theories of humor. Prices in gbp apply to orders placed in great britain only. Pragmatic theories have attempted to account for humor. Linguistic theories of humor approaches to semiotics salvatore attardo on free shipping on qualifying offers. Humour theorists like attardo are predominantly interested in what. Abstractan application of the general theory of verbal humour gtvh to the theory of humour translation is presented.
This is a research into the concept of humor as it manifests itself in linguistic activities, that more often than not also appear in writing such as puns and jokes. Structuralist, semiotic, sociolinguistic, and scriptbased theories. Pdf free download humour theory formula of laughter pdf. Attardo 1994 presents an overview of the linguistic theories of humor classifying them into. The theory is informed by current research in psycholinguistics and cognitive science.
Twlt20 the april fools day workshop on computation. The main objective of this article is to list and briefly characterise several semantic and pragmatic types of verbal humour, primarily those which cannot be reduced to canned jokes. Humor theories free download as powerpoint presentation. Use and nonuse of humor in academic esl classrooms ali ziyaeemehr corresponding author. However, the realms of cognition, culture and society are deeply intertwined in this phenomenon. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Linguistic theories of humor, humor research 1, editors. The most widely adopted one, the semanticscript theory of humor, was presented by. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets.900 589 1185 677 1136 116 92 901 1046 519 344 875 922 296 1174 832 1275 734 38 723 1117 651 559 1373 118 465 824 1328 1057 535 1173 239 1028 72 1284 550 442 1490 1406 1272 1394 1205 64 975 582 415 216